1. What is a manicure and what does it entail?
A manicure is a specialized treatment for the fingernails and hands performed at home or in a nail salon. It entails the filing and shaping of the free edge of the nails, cuticle treatments, a massage of the hands and the application of polish. For the hands, a paraffin wax treatment and the application of a lotion is a common addition.
2. What is a pedicure and what does it entail?
A pedicure is a specialized treatment to improve the appearance of the toenails and feet. Typically, a pedicure consists of the cutting and filing of the toenails and the removal of calluses and dead skin cells from the bottom of feet. This is followed by granular exfoliation of the skin of the feet, the application of moisturizing creams, and a brief foot massage. Pedicures are done for therapeutic, cosmetic and medical purposes and can help to prevent nail diseases and nail disorders such as an ingrown toenail.
3. Why do nails split or peel?
Excessive exposure to water or chemicals such as detergents, cleaning fluids and nail polish remover, poor diet, trauma to the nail bed such as biting, old and new injuries can be the cause.
4. It necessary to ensure proper sanitation & disinfection of the instruments used for nail care services?
Proper sanitation and disinfection of the instruments are two of the most critical aspects of the nail salon industry. These measures prevent fungal and bacterial diseases and common viruses, such as, the cold and flu viruses, from being spread from one client to the next and help to ensure safe working conditions within a salon. Any salon that does not practice conscientious sanitation is definitely not a good choice for a nail service.
5. What causes swollen cuticles?
Infection of the skin around the nail, trauma from previous injury or too vigorous pushing of the cuticles is the main cause of swollen or inflamed cuticles. Inflammation of the cuticles may also be caused by an allergic reaction to nail products, household products or other chemicals.
6. What is the best way to remove a hangnail?
Hangnails are caused by dry skin as a result of cold weather, harsh chemicals, or frequent submersion in water. Moisturize the skin, the cuticle and the nail for easy removal of the hangnail. Clip as close to the skin as possible with cuticle nippers then soak in a solution of Epson salts and water twice a day until the nail is completely healed.
7. The half-moons on the nails. What are these?
The lunula is the crescent-shaped whitish area of the nail bed. It is the visible part of the nail matrix (i.e. the root of the nail). If the lunula is damaged the nail could permanently be deformed. It is most noticeable on the thumb, however, is not always visible. This is completely normal.
8. What causes nail ridges and can it be cured?
Vertical nail ridges are usually hereditary or simply a result of aging; in this case they may be permanent. Eating a balanced diet, taking an iron supplement and taking multivitamins with Vitamins B6, B12, and Zinc can also help improve nail health and cure ridges. Horizontal ridges might be cause for concern as they may signify malnutrition, the onset of diabetes, the result of taking certain medications or even heart disease.
9. Why are there white spots on my natural nails?
These spots are often the result of a mild trauma to the nail. The injury may have happened weeks before the spots ever appeared. They could also be a sign of an allergy or a side effect of certain medications or nail enhancements.
10. How do I get my nails to grow faster?
There is no quick solution to make nails grow faster. The average adult's nails grow about 3mm per month. It takes 5-6 months for a nail to grow from the root to the free edge.
Toenails grow about 1 mm per month and take 12-18 months to be completely replaced. Proper nail care and a healthy diet will help to promote healthy, new growth.
11. Is it essential to have a professional manicure or pedicure?
It is not essential to have a professional manicure or pedicure, but you will certainly enjoy the pampering! The treatments will leave your hands and feet feeling and looking amazing and the massages will reduce stress by helping you to unwind. Do not be surprised to feel fresh and rejuvenated when leaving your nail salon.
12. My cuticles are so dry and parched year-round…what do you recommend for improving this condition?
Dry, chapped cuticles may occur when the cuticles dry out from constant hand washing, cold dry temperatures, diet, medications chemicals, or simply picking at them due to stress can all contribute to this problem. Treat dry and cracked cuticles by applying creams or oils with Vitamin E made specifically for cuticles. Use gloves when washing dishes and visit your nail salon for a paraffin treatment for intensive skin penetration.
13. How should my toenails be trimmed? Straight or rounded?
Toenails should be trimmed and filed straight, never too short and the corners just slightly rounded. This will help to prevent an ingrown toenail.